Summary information [schematics · tetrads · helices · stems · costacks · homepage]

PDB-id
1c38
Class
DNA
Method
NMR
Summary
Solution structure of a quadruplex forming DNA and its intermediate
Reference
Marathias, V.M., Bolton, P.H.: (2000) "Structures of the potassium-saturated, 2:1, and intermediate, 1:1, forms of a quadruplex DNA." Nucleic Acids Res., 28, 1969-1977.
Abstract
Potassium can stabilize the formation of chair- or edge-type quadruplex DNA structures and appears to be the only naturally occurring cation that can do so. As quadruplex DNAs may be important in the structure of telomere, centromere, triplet repeat and other DNAs, information about the details of the potassium-quadruplex DNA interactions are of interest. The structures of the 1:1 and the fully saturated, 2:1, potassium-DNA complexes of d(GGTTGGTGTGGTTGG) have been determined using the combination of experimental NMR results and restrained molecular dynamics simulations. The refined structures have been used to model the interactions at the potassium binding sites. Comparison of the 1:1 and 2:1 potassium:DNA structures indicates how potassium binding can determine the folding pattern of the DNA. In each binding site potassium interacts with the carbonyl oxygens of both the loop thymine residues and the guanine residues of the adjacent quartet.
G4 notes
2 G-tetrads, 1 G4 helix, 1 G4 stem · 2(+Ln+Lw+Ln), chair(2+2), UDUD

Base-block schematics in six views [summary · tetrads · helices · stems · costacks · homepage]

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List of 2 G-tetrads [summary · schematics · helices · stems · costacks · homepage]

 1 glyco-bond=s-s- groove=wnwn planarity=0.557 type=other  nts=4 GGGG A.DG1,A.DG15,A.DG10,A.DG6
 2 glyco-bond=---s groove=--wn planarity=0.631 type=other  nts=4 GGGG A.DG2,A.DG14,A.DG11,A.DG5

List of 1 G4-helix [summary · schematics · tetrads · stems · costacks · homepage]

In DSSR, a G4-helix is defined by stacking interactions of G-tetrads, regardless of backbone connectivity, and may contain more than one G4-stem.

Helix#1, 2 G-tetrad layers, INTRA-molecular, with 1 stem

 1  glyco-bond=s-s- groove=wnwn Major-->WC nts=4 GGGG A.DG1,A.DG15,A.DG10,A.DG6
 2  glyco-bond=---s groove=--wn WC-->Major nts=4 GGGG A.DG2,A.DG14,A.DG11,A.DG5
  step#1  mm(<>,outward)  area=19.47 rise=3.70 twist=12.7
  strand#1 DNA glyco-bond=s- nts=2 GG A.DG1,A.DG2
  strand#2 DNA glyco-bond=-- nts=2 GG A.DG15,A.DG14
  strand#3 DNA glyco-bond=s- nts=2 GG A.DG10,A.DG11
  strand#4 DNA glyco-bond=-s nts=2 GG A.DG6,A.DG5

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1 stacking diagram
 1  glyco-bond=s-s- groove=wnwn Major-->WC nts=4 GGGG A.DG1,A.DG15,A.DG10,A.DG6
2 glyco-bond=---s groove=--wn WC-->Major nts=4 GGGG A.DG2,A.DG14,A.DG11,A.DG5
step#1 mm(<>,outward) area=19.47 rise=3.70 twist=12.7

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List of 1 G4-stem [summary · schematics · tetrads · helices · costacks · homepage]

In DSSR, a G4-stem is defined as a G4-helix with backbone connectivity. Bulges are also allowed along each of the four strands.

Stem#1, 2 G-tetrad layers, 3 loops, INTRA-molecular, UDUD, anti-parallel, 2(+Ln+Lw+Ln), chair(2+2)

 1  glyco-bond=s-s- groove=wnwn Major-->WC nts=4 GGGG A.DG1,A.DG15,A.DG10,A.DG6
 2  glyco-bond=---s groove=--wn WC-->Major nts=4 GGGG A.DG2,A.DG14,A.DG11,A.DG5
  step#1  mm(<>,outward)  area=19.47 rise=3.70 twist=12.7
  strand#1  U DNA glyco-bond=s- nts=2 GG A.DG1,A.DG2
  strand#2  D DNA glyco-bond=-- nts=2 GG A.DG15,A.DG14
  strand#3  U DNA glyco-bond=s- nts=2 GG A.DG10,A.DG11
  strand#4  D DNA glyco-bond=-s nts=2 GG A.DG6,A.DG5
  loop#1 type=lateral   strands=[#1,#4] nts=2 TT A.DT3,A.DT4
  loop#2 type=lateral   strands=[#4,#3] nts=3 TGT A.DT7,A.DG8,A.DT9
  loop#3 type=lateral   strands=[#3,#2] nts=2 TT A.DT12,A.DT13

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List of 0 G4 coaxial stacks [summary · schematics · tetrads · helices · stems · homepage]

List of 0 non-stem G4-loops (including the two closing Gs)