Summary information [schematics · tetrads · helices · stems · costacks · homepage]

PDB-id
1d6d
Class
DNA
Method
NMR
Summary
Solution DNA structure containing (a-a)-t triads interdigitated between a-t base pairs and gggg tetrads; NMR, 8 struct
Reference
Kuryavyi, V., Kettani, A., Wang, W., Jones, R., Patel, D.J.: (2000) "A diamond-shaped zipper-like DNA architecture containing triads sandwiched between mismatches and tetrads." J.Mol.Biol., 295, 455-469.
Abstract
The present study reports on the solution structure of the guanine plus adenine rich d(A(2)G(2)T(4)A(2)G(2)) 12-mer sequence which forms a unique fold in moderate NaCl solution. Proton resonance assignments for this sequence, which contains a pair of AAGG repeats separated by a T(4) linker segment, were aided by site-specific (15)N-labeling of guanine and adenine bases, as well as site-specific incorporation of 2,6-diaminopurine and 8-bromoadenine for adenine, 8-bromoguanine, 7-deazaguanine and inosine for guanine, and uracil and 5-bromouracil for thymine. The solution structure, which was solved by a combined NMR and intensity-refined computational approach, consists of a diamond-shaped architecture formed through dimerization of a pair of d(A(2)G(2)T(4)A(2)G(2)) hairpins. This 2-fold symmetric structure contains a quadruplex core consisting of a pair of symmetry-related G(syn).G(syn).G(anti). G(anti) tetrads, where adjacent strands have both parallel and anti-parallel neighbors and connecting T(4) segments which form diagonal loops. Each of the G(syn).G(syn).G(anti).G(anti) tetrads forms a platform on which stacks a T(anti).[A(syn)-A(anti)] triad containing a novel A(syn)-A(anti) platform step and a reversed Hoogsteen A(syn).T(anti) pair. We observe both base-base and base-sugar stacking interactions, with the latter occuring at a sheared A-G step where the sugar of the A stacks on the purine plane of the G. Unexpectedly, the topology of this sheared A(anti)-G(syn) step has many similarities with the C(anti)-G(syn) step in left-handed Z-DNA. The T.(A-A) triad is sandwiched between the G-tetrad on one side and a reversed Hoogsteen A(anti).T(anti) pair on the other. This intercalative topology is facilitated by a zipper-like motif where the A(anti) residue of the triad is interdigitated within a stretched A(anti)-G(syn) step. Our structural study reports on new aspects of A-A platforms, base triads, zipper-like interdigitation and sheared base steps, together with base-base and base-sugar stacking defining a diamond-like architecture for the d(A(2)G(2)T(4)A(2)G(2)) sequence. One can anticipate that mixed guanine-adenine sequences will exhibit a rich diversity of polymorphic architectures that will provide unique topologies for recognition by both nucleic acids and proteins.
G4 notes
2 G-tetrads, 1 G4 helix, 1 G4 stem · (2+2), UUDD

Base-block schematics in six views [summary · tetrads · helices · stems · costacks · homepage]

PyMOL session file PDB file View in 3Dmol.js

List of 2 G-tetrads [summary · schematics · helices · stems · costacks · homepage]

 1 glyco-bond=ss-- groove=-w-n planarity=0.515 type=other  nts=4 GGGG A.DG3,B.DG11,A.DG12,B.DG4
 2 glyco-bond=--ss groove=-w-n planarity=0.516 type=other  nts=4 GGGG A.DG4,B.DG12,A.DG11,B.DG3

List of 1 G4-helix [summary · schematics · tetrads · stems · costacks · homepage]

In DSSR, a G4-helix is defined by stacking interactions of G-tetrads, regardless of backbone connectivity, and may contain more than one G4-stem.

Helix#1, 2 G-tetrad layers, inter-molecular, with 1 stem

 1  glyco-bond=ss-- groove=-w-n Major-->WC nts=4 GGGG A.DG3,B.DG11,A.DG12,B.DG4
 2  glyco-bond=--ss groove=-w-n WC-->Major nts=4 GGGG A.DG4,B.DG12,A.DG11,B.DG3
  step#1  mm(<>,outward)  area=13.64 rise=3.56 twist=13.9
  strand#1 DNA glyco-bond=s- nts=2 GG A.DG3,A.DG4
  strand#2 DNA glyco-bond=s- nts=2 GG B.DG11,B.DG12
  strand#3 DNA glyco-bond=-s nts=2 GG A.DG12,A.DG11
  strand#4 DNA glyco-bond=-s nts=2 GG B.DG4,B.DG3

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1 stacking diagram
 1  glyco-bond=ss-- groove=-w-n Major-->WC nts=4 GGGG A.DG3,B.DG11,A.DG12,B.DG4
2 glyco-bond=--ss groove=-w-n WC-->Major nts=4 GGGG A.DG4,B.DG12,A.DG11,B.DG3
step#1 mm(<>,outward) area=13.64 rise=3.56 twist=13.9

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List of 1 G4-stem [summary · schematics · tetrads · helices · costacks · homepage]

In DSSR, a G4-stem is defined as a G4-helix with backbone connectivity. Bulges are also allowed along each of the four strands.

Stem#1, 2 G-tetrad layers, 2 loops, inter-molecular, UUDD, anti-parallel, (2+2)

 1  glyco-bond=ss-- groove=-w-n Major-->WC nts=4 GGGG A.DG3,B.DG11,A.DG12,B.DG4
 2  glyco-bond=--ss groove=-w-n WC-->Major nts=4 GGGG A.DG4,B.DG12,A.DG11,B.DG3
  step#1  mm(<>,outward)  area=13.64 rise=3.56 twist=13.9
  strand#1  U DNA glyco-bond=s- nts=2 GG A.DG3,A.DG4
  strand#2  U DNA glyco-bond=s- nts=2 GG B.DG11,B.DG12
  strand#3  D DNA glyco-bond=-s nts=2 GG A.DG12,A.DG11
  strand#4  D DNA glyco-bond=-s nts=2 GG B.DG4,B.DG3
  loop#1 type=diagonal  strands=[#1,#3] nts=6 TTTTAA A.DT5,A.DT6,A.DT7,A.DT8,A.DA9,A.DA10
  loop#2 type=diagonal  strands=[#4,#2] nts=6 TTTTAA B.DT5,B.DT6,B.DT7,B.DT8,B.DA9,B.DA10

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List of 0 G4 coaxial stacks [summary · schematics · tetrads · helices · stems · homepage]

List of 0 non-stem G4-loops (including the two closing Gs)