Summary information [schematics · tetrads · helices · stems · costacks · homepage]

PDB-id
2n2d
Class
DNA
Method
NMR
Summary
Structure of DNA G-quadruplex adopted by als and ftd related ggggcc repeat with g21 to br-g21 substitution
Reference
Brcic, J., Plavec, J.: (2015) "Solution structure of a DNA quadruplex containing ALS and FTD related GGGGCC repeat stabilized by 8-bromodeoxyguanosine substitution." Nucleic Acids Res., 43, 8590-8600.
Abstract
A prolonged expansion of GGGGCC repeat within non-coding region of C9orf72 gene has been identified as the most common cause of familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD), which are devastating neurodegenerative disorders. Formation of unusual secondary structures within expanded GGGGCC repeat, including DNA and RNA G-quadruplexes and R-loops was proposed to drive ALS and FTD pathogenesis. Initial NMR investigation on DNA oligonucleotides with four repeat units as the shortest model with the ability to form an unimolecular G-quadruplex indicated their folding into multiple G-quadruplex structures in the presence of K(+) ions. Single dG to 8Br-dG substitution at position 21 in oligonucleotide d[(G4C2)3G4] and careful optimization of folding conditions enabled formation of mostly a single G-quadruplex species, which enabled determination of a high-resolution structure with NMR. G-quadruplex structure adopted by d[(G4C2)3GG(Br)GG] is composed of four G-quartets, which are connected by three edgewise C-C loops. All four strands adopt antiparallel orientation to one another and have alternating syn-anti progression of glycosidic conformation of guanine residues. One of the cytosines in every loop is stacked upon the G-quartet contributing to a very compact and stable structure.
G4 notes
4 G-tetrads, 1 G4 helix, 1 G4 stem · 4(+Ln+Lw+Ln), chair(2+2), UDUD

Base-block schematics in six views [summary · tetrads · helices · stems · costacks · homepage]

PyMOL session file PDB file View in 3Dmol.js

List of 4 G-tetrads [summary · schematics · helices · stems · costacks · homepage]

 1 glyco-bond=s-s- groove=wnwn planarity=0.359 type=bowl   nts=4 GGGG A.DG1,A.DG22,A.DG13,A.DG10
 2 glyco-bond=-s-s groove=wnwn planarity=0.215 type=other  nts=4 GgGG A.DG2,A.BGM21,A.DG14,A.DG9
 3 glyco-bond=s-s- groove=wnwn planarity=0.090 type=planar nts=4 GGGG A.DG3,A.DG20,A.DG15,A.DG8
 4 glyco-bond=-s-s groove=wnwn planarity=0.280 type=bowl   nts=4 GGGG A.DG4,A.DG19,A.DG16,A.DG7

List of 1 G4-helix [summary · schematics · tetrads · stems · costacks · homepage]

In DSSR, a G4-helix is defined by stacking interactions of G-tetrads, regardless of backbone connectivity, and may contain more than one G4-stem.

Helix#1, 4 G-tetrad layers, INTRA-molecular, with 1 stem

 1  glyco-bond=s-s- groove=wnwn Major-->WC nts=4 GGGG A.DG1,A.DG22,A.DG13,A.DG10
 2  glyco-bond=-s-s groove=wnwn WC-->Major nts=4 GgGG A.DG2,A.BGM21,A.DG14,A.DG9
 3  glyco-bond=s-s- groove=wnwn Major-->WC nts=4 GGGG A.DG3,A.DG20,A.DG15,A.DG8
 4  glyco-bond=-s-s groove=wnwn WC-->Major nts=4 GGGG A.DG4,A.DG19,A.DG16,A.DG7
  step#1  mm(<>,outward)  area=20.51 rise=3.40 twist=16.4
  step#2  pp(><,inward)   area=11.34 rise=3.49 twist=37.1
  step#3  mm(<>,outward)  area=18.82 rise=3.44 twist=15.5
  strand#1 DNA glyco-bond=s-s- nts=4 GGGG A.DG1,A.DG2,A.DG3,A.DG4
  strand#2 DNA glyco-bond=-s-s nts=4 GgGG A.DG22,A.BGM21,A.DG20,A.DG19
  strand#3 DNA glyco-bond=s-s- nts=4 GGGG A.DG13,A.DG14,A.DG15,A.DG16
  strand#4 DNA glyco-bond=-s-s nts=4 GGGG A.DG10,A.DG9,A.DG8,A.DG7

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3 stacking diagrams
 1  glyco-bond=s-s- groove=wnwn Major-->WC nts=4 GGGG A.DG1,A.DG22,A.DG13,A.DG10
2 glyco-bond=-s-s groove=wnwn WC-->Major nts=4 GgGG A.DG2,A.BGM21,A.DG14,A.DG9
step#1 mm(<>,outward) area=20.51 rise=3.40 twist=16.4

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 2  glyco-bond=-s-s groove=wnwn WC-->Major nts=4 GgGG A.DG2,A.BGM21,A.DG14,A.DG9
3 glyco-bond=s-s- groove=wnwn Major-->WC nts=4 GGGG A.DG3,A.DG20,A.DG15,A.DG8
step#2 pp(><,inward) area=11.34 rise=3.49 twist=37.1

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 3  glyco-bond=s-s- groove=wnwn Major-->WC nts=4 GGGG A.DG3,A.DG20,A.DG15,A.DG8
4 glyco-bond=-s-s groove=wnwn WC-->Major nts=4 GGGG A.DG4,A.DG19,A.DG16,A.DG7
step#3 mm(<>,outward) area=18.82 rise=3.44 twist=15.5

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List of 1 G4-stem [summary · schematics · tetrads · helices · costacks · homepage]

In DSSR, a G4-stem is defined as a G4-helix with backbone connectivity. Bulges are also allowed along each of the four strands.

Stem#1, 4 G-tetrad layers, 3 loops, INTRA-molecular, UDUD, anti-parallel, 4(+Ln+Lw+Ln), chair(2+2)

 1  glyco-bond=s-s- groove=wnwn Major-->WC nts=4 GGGG A.DG1,A.DG22,A.DG13,A.DG10
 2  glyco-bond=-s-s groove=wnwn WC-->Major nts=4 GgGG A.DG2,A.BGM21,A.DG14,A.DG9
 3  glyco-bond=s-s- groove=wnwn Major-->WC nts=4 GGGG A.DG3,A.DG20,A.DG15,A.DG8
 4  glyco-bond=-s-s groove=wnwn WC-->Major nts=4 GGGG A.DG4,A.DG19,A.DG16,A.DG7
  step#1  mm(<>,outward)  area=20.51 rise=3.40 twist=16.4
  step#2  pp(><,inward)   area=11.34 rise=3.49 twist=37.1
  step#3  mm(<>,outward)  area=18.82 rise=3.44 twist=15.5
  strand#1  U DNA glyco-bond=s-s- nts=4 GGGG A.DG1,A.DG2,A.DG3,A.DG4
  strand#2  D DNA glyco-bond=-s-s nts=4 GgGG A.DG22,A.BGM21,A.DG20,A.DG19
  strand#3  U DNA glyco-bond=s-s- nts=4 GGGG A.DG13,A.DG14,A.DG15,A.DG16
  strand#4  D DNA glyco-bond=-s-s nts=4 GGGG A.DG10,A.DG9,A.DG8,A.DG7
  loop#1 type=lateral   strands=[#1,#4] nts=2 CC A.DC5,A.DC6
  loop#2 type=lateral   strands=[#4,#3] nts=2 CC A.DC11,A.DC12
  loop#3 type=lateral   strands=[#3,#2] nts=2 CC A.DC17,A.DC18

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List of 0 G4 coaxial stacks [summary · schematics · tetrads · helices · stems · homepage]

List of 0 non-stem G4-loops (including the two closing Gs)