DSSR-derived G-quadruplex features in PDB entry 5yey
Citation: before a paper dedicated to the DSSR-G4 module comes out, please cite the 2015 DSSR paper published in Nucleic Acids Research.
- The structure of a chair-type G-quadruplex of the human telomeric variant in k+ solution
- Liu, C., Zhou, B., Geng, Y., Yan Tam, D., Feng, R., Miao, H., Xu, N., Shi, X., You, Y., Hong, Y., Tang, B.Z., Kwan Lo, P., Kuryavyi, V., Zhu, G.: (2019) "A chair-type G-quadruplex structure formed by a human telomeric variant DNA in K+solution." Chem Sci, 10, 218-226.
- Guanine tracts of human telomeric DNA sequences are known to fold into eight different four-stranded structures that vary by the conformation of guanine nucleotides arranged in the stack of G-tetrads in their core and by different kinds and orders of connecting loops, called G-quadruplexes. Here, we present a novel G-quadruplex structure formed in K+ solution by a human telomeric variant d[(GGGTTA)2GGGTTTGGG], htel21T18. This variant DNA is located in the subtelomeric regions of human chromosomes 8, 11, 17, and 19 as well as in the DNase hypersensitive region and in the subcentromeric region of chromosome 5. Interestingly, single A18T substitution that makes htel21T18 different from the human telomeric sequence results in the formation of a three-layer chair-type G-quadruplex, a fold previously unknown among human telomeric repeats, with two loops interacting through the reverse Watson-Crick A6·T18 base pair. The loops are edgewise; glycosidic conformation of guanines is syn·anti·syn·anti around each tetrad, and each strand of the core has two antiparallel adjacent strands. Our results expand the repertoire of known G-quadruplex folding topologies and may provide a potential target for structure-based anticancer drug design.
- G4 notes
- 3 G-tetrads, 1 G4 helix, 1 G4 stem · 3(+Ln+Lw+Ln), chair(2+2), UDUD
1 glyco-bond=s-s- groove=wnwn planarity=0.080 type=planar nts=4 GGGG A.DG1,A.DG21,A.DG13,A.DG9 2 glyco-bond=-s-s groove=wnwn planarity=0.010 type=planar nts=4 GGGG A.DG2,A.DG20,A.DG14,A.DG8 3 glyco-bond=-s-s groove=wnwn planarity=0.063 type=planar nts=4 GGGG A.DG3,A.DG19,A.DG15,A.DG7
In DSSR, a G4-helix is defined by stacking interactions of G-tetrads, regardless of backbone connectivity, and may contain more than one G4-stem.
Helix#1, 3 G-tetrad layers, INTRA-molecular, with 1 stem
In DSSR, a G4-stem is defined as a G4-helix with backbone connectivity. Bulges are also allowed along each of the four strands.