Summary information [schematics · tetrads · helices · stems · costacks · homepage]

PDB-id
5yey
Class
DNA
Method
NMR
Summary
The structure of a chair-type G-quadruplex of the human telomeric variant in k+ solution
Reference
Liu, C., Zhou, B., Geng, Y., Yan Tam, D., Feng, R., Miao, H., Xu, N., Shi, X., You, Y., Hong, Y., Tang, B.Z., Kwan Lo, P., Kuryavyi, V., Zhu, G.: (2019) "A chair-type G-quadruplex structure formed by a human telomeric variant DNA in K+solution." Chem Sci, 10, 218-226.
Abstract
Guanine tracts of human telomeric DNA sequences are known to fold into eight different four-stranded structures that vary by the conformation of guanine nucleotides arranged in the stack of G-tetrads in their core and by different kinds and orders of connecting loops, called G-quadruplexes. Here, we present a novel G-quadruplex structure formed in K+ solution by a human telomeric variant d[(GGGTTA)2GGGTTTGGG], htel21T18. This variant DNA is located in the subtelomeric regions of human chromosomes 8, 11, 17, and 19 as well as in the DNase hypersensitive region and in the subcentromeric region of chromosome 5. Interestingly, single A18T substitution that makes htel21T18 different from the human telomeric sequence results in the formation of a three-layer chair-type G-quadruplex, a fold previously unknown among human telomeric repeats, with two loops interacting through the reverse Watson-Crick A6·T18 base pair. The loops are edgewise; glycosidic conformation of guanines is syn·anti·syn·anti around each tetrad, and each strand of the core has two antiparallel adjacent strands. Our results expand the repertoire of known G-quadruplex folding topologies and may provide a potential target for structure-based anticancer drug design.
G4 notes
3 G-tetrads, 1 G4 helix, 1 G4 stem · 3(+Ln+Lw+Ln), chair(2+2), UDUD

Base-block schematics in six views [summary · tetrads · helices · stems · costacks · homepage]

PyMOL session file PDB file View in 3Dmol.js

List of 3 G-tetrads [summary · schematics · helices · stems · costacks · homepage]

 1 glyco-bond=s-s- groove=wnwn planarity=0.080 type=planar nts=4 GGGG A.DG1,A.DG21,A.DG13,A.DG9
 2 glyco-bond=-s-s groove=wnwn planarity=0.010 type=planar nts=4 GGGG A.DG2,A.DG20,A.DG14,A.DG8
 3 glyco-bond=-s-s groove=wnwn planarity=0.063 type=planar nts=4 GGGG A.DG3,A.DG19,A.DG15,A.DG7

List of 1 G4-helix [summary · schematics · tetrads · stems · costacks · homepage]

In DSSR, a G4-helix is defined by stacking interactions of G-tetrads, regardless of backbone connectivity, and may contain more than one G4-stem.

Helix#1, 3 G-tetrad layers, INTRA-molecular, with 1 stem

 1  glyco-bond=s-s- groove=wnwn Major-->WC nts=4 GGGG A.DG1,A.DG21,A.DG13,A.DG9
 2  glyco-bond=-s-s groove=wnwn WC-->Major nts=4 GGGG A.DG2,A.DG20,A.DG14,A.DG8
 3  glyco-bond=-s-s groove=wnwn WC-->Major nts=4 GGGG A.DG3,A.DG19,A.DG15,A.DG7
  step#1  mm(<>,outward)  area=12.07 rise=3.46 twist=18.4
  step#2  pm(>>,forward)  area=9.90  rise=3.34 twist=32.3
  strand#1 DNA glyco-bond=s-- nts=3 GGG A.DG1,A.DG2,A.DG3
  strand#2 DNA glyco-bond=-ss nts=3 GGG A.DG21,A.DG20,A.DG19
  strand#3 DNA glyco-bond=s-- nts=3 GGG A.DG13,A.DG14,A.DG15
  strand#4 DNA glyco-bond=-ss nts=3 GGG A.DG9,A.DG8,A.DG7

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2 stacking diagrams
 1  glyco-bond=s-s- groove=wnwn Major-->WC nts=4 GGGG A.DG1,A.DG21,A.DG13,A.DG9
2 glyco-bond=-s-s groove=wnwn WC-->Major nts=4 GGGG A.DG2,A.DG20,A.DG14,A.DG8
step#1 mm(<>,outward) area=12.07 rise=3.46 twist=18.4

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 2  glyco-bond=-s-s groove=wnwn WC-->Major nts=4 GGGG A.DG2,A.DG20,A.DG14,A.DG8
3 glyco-bond=-s-s groove=wnwn WC-->Major nts=4 GGGG A.DG3,A.DG19,A.DG15,A.DG7
step#2 pm(>>,forward) area=9.90 rise=3.34 twist=32.3

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List of 1 G4-stem [summary · schematics · tetrads · helices · costacks · homepage]

In DSSR, a G4-stem is defined as a G4-helix with backbone connectivity. Bulges are also allowed along each of the four strands.

Stem#1, 3 G-tetrad layers, 3 loops, INTRA-molecular, UDUD, anti-parallel, 3(+Ln+Lw+Ln), chair(2+2)

 1  glyco-bond=s-s- groove=wnwn Major-->WC nts=4 GGGG A.DG1,A.DG21,A.DG13,A.DG9
 2  glyco-bond=-s-s groove=wnwn WC-->Major nts=4 GGGG A.DG2,A.DG20,A.DG14,A.DG8
 3  glyco-bond=-s-s groove=wnwn WC-->Major nts=4 GGGG A.DG3,A.DG19,A.DG15,A.DG7
  step#1  mm(<>,outward)  area=12.07 rise=3.46 twist=18.4
  step#2  pm(>>,forward)  area=9.90  rise=3.34 twist=32.3
  strand#1  U DNA glyco-bond=s-- nts=3 GGG A.DG1,A.DG2,A.DG3
  strand#2  D DNA glyco-bond=-ss nts=3 GGG A.DG21,A.DG20,A.DG19
  strand#3  U DNA glyco-bond=s-- nts=3 GGG A.DG13,A.DG14,A.DG15
  strand#4  D DNA glyco-bond=-ss nts=3 GGG A.DG9,A.DG8,A.DG7
  loop#1 type=lateral   strands=[#1,#4] nts=3 TTA A.DT4,A.DT5,A.DA6
  loop#2 type=lateral   strands=[#4,#3] nts=3 TTA A.DT10,A.DT11,A.DA12
  loop#3 type=lateral   strands=[#3,#2] nts=3 TTT A.DT16,A.DT17,A.DT18

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List of 0 G4 coaxial stacks [summary · schematics · tetrads · helices · stems · homepage]

List of 0 non-stem G4-loops (including the two closing Gs)