Summary information [schematics · tetrads · helices · stems · costacks · homepage]

PDB-id
6e80
Class
RNA
Method
X-ray (2.9 Å)
Summary
Crystal structure of the corn aptamer in unliganded state
Reference
Sjekloca, L., Ferre-D'Amare, A.R.: (2019) "Binding between G Quadruplexes at the Homodimer Interface of the Corn RNA Aptamer Strongly Activates Thioflavin T Fluorescence." Cell Chem Biol, 26, 1159-.
Abstract
Thioflavin T (ThT) is widely used for the detection of amyloids. Many unrelated DNAs and RNAs that contain G-quadruplex motifs also bind ThT and strongly activate its fluorescence. To elucidate the structural basis of ThT binding to G quadruplexes and its fluorescence turn-on, we determined its co-crystal structure with the homodimeric RNA Corn, which contains two G quadruplexes. We found that two ThT molecules bind in the dimer interface, constrained by a G quartet from each protomer into a maximally fluorescent planar conformation. The unliganded Corn homodimer crystal structure reveals a collapsed fluorophore-binding site. In solution, Corn must fluctuate between this and an open, binding-competent conformation. A co-crystal structure with another benzothiazole derivate, thiazole orange (TO), also shows binding at the Corn homodimer interface. As the bound ThT and TO make no interactions with the RNA backbone, their Corn co-crystal structures likely explain their fluorescence activation upon sequence-independent DNA and RNA G-quadruplex binding.
G4 notes
2 G-tetrads, 1 G4 helix, 1 G4 stem · 2(-P-P-P), parallel(4+0), UUUU

Base-block schematics in six views [summary · tetrads · helices · stems · costacks · homepage]

PyMOL session file PDB file View in 3Dmol.js

List of 2 G-tetrads [summary · schematics · helices · stems · costacks · homepage]

 1 glyco-bond=---- groove=---- planarity=0.216 type=other  nts=4 GGGG A.G12,A.G15,A.G22,A.G25
 2 glyco-bond=---- groove=---- planarity=0.227 type=other  nts=4 GGGG A.G13,A.G16,A.G23,A.G26

List of 1 G4-helix [summary · schematics · tetrads · stems · costacks · homepage]

In DSSR, a G4-helix is defined by stacking interactions of G-tetrads, regardless of backbone connectivity, and may contain more than one G4-stem.

Helix#1, 2 G-tetrad layers, INTRA-molecular, with 1 stem

 1  glyco-bond=---- groove=---- WC-->Major nts=4 GGGG A.G12,A.G15,A.G22,A.G25
 2  glyco-bond=---- groove=---- WC-->Major nts=4 GGGG A.G13,A.G16,A.G23,A.G26
  step#1  pm(>>,forward)  area=9.92  rise=3.19 twist=34.3
  strand#1 RNA glyco-bond=-- nts=2 GG A.G12,A.G13
  strand#2 RNA glyco-bond=-- nts=2 GG A.G15,A.G16
  strand#3 RNA glyco-bond=-- nts=2 GG A.G22,A.G23
  strand#4 RNA glyco-bond=-- nts=2 GG A.G25,A.G26

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1 stacking diagram
 1  glyco-bond=---- groove=---- WC-->Major nts=4 GGGG A.G12,A.G15,A.G22,A.G25
2 glyco-bond=---- groove=---- WC-->Major nts=4 GGGG A.G13,A.G16,A.G23,A.G26
step#1 pm(>>,forward) area=9.92 rise=3.19 twist=34.3

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List of 1 G4-stem [summary · schematics · tetrads · helices · costacks · homepage]

In DSSR, a G4-stem is defined as a G4-helix with backbone connectivity. Bulges are also allowed along each of the four strands.

Stem#1, 2 G-tetrad layers, 3 loops, INTRA-molecular, UUUU, parallel, 2(-P-P-P), parallel(4+0)

 1  glyco-bond=---- groove=---- WC-->Major nts=4 GGGG A.G12,A.G15,A.G22,A.G25
 2  glyco-bond=---- groove=---- WC-->Major nts=4 GGGG A.G13,A.G16,A.G23,A.G26
  step#1  pm(>>,forward)  area=9.92  rise=3.19 twist=34.3
  strand#1  U RNA glyco-bond=-- nts=2 GG A.G12,A.G13
  strand#2  U RNA glyco-bond=-- nts=2 GG A.G15,A.G16
  strand#3  U RNA glyco-bond=-- nts=2 GG A.G22,A.G23
  strand#4  U RNA glyco-bond=-- nts=2 GG A.G25,A.G26
  loop#1 type=propeller strands=[#1,#2] nts=1 A A.A14
  loop#2 type=propeller strands=[#2,#3] nts=5 UCUGA A.U17,A.C18,A.U19,A.G20,A.A21
  loop#3 type=propeller strands=[#3,#4] nts=1 A A.A24

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List of 0 G4 coaxial stacks [summary · schematics · tetrads · helices · stems · homepage]

List of 0 non-stem G4-loops (including the two closing Gs)