Summary information

PDB id
6kfj
Class
DNA
Method
NMR
Summary
NMR solution structure of the 1:1 complex of wttel26 g-quadruplex and a tripodal cationic fluorescent probe nbte
Reference
Liu LY, Liu W, Wang KN, Zhu BC, Xia XY, Ji LN, Mao ZW (2020): "Quantitative Detection of G-Quadruplex DNA in Live Cells Based on Photon Counts and Complex Structure Discrimination." Angew.Chem.Int.Ed.Engl., 59, 9719-9726. doi: 10.1002/anie.202002422.
Abstract
G-quadruplex DNA show structural polymorphism, leading to challenges in the use of selective recognition probes for the accurate detection of G-quadruplexes in vivo. Herein, we present a tripodal cationic fluorescent probe, NBTE, which showed distinguishable fluorescence lifetime responses between G-quadruplexes and other DNA topologies, and fluorescence quantum yield (Φf ) enhancement upon G-quadruplex binding. We determined two NBTE-G-quadruplex complex structures with high Φf values by NMR spectroscopy. The structures indicated NBTE interacted with G-quadruplexes using three arms through π-π stacking, differing from that with duplex DNA using two arms, which rationalized the higher Φf values and lifetime response of NBTE upon G-quadruplex binding. Based on photon counts of FLIM, we detected the percentage of G-quadruplex DNA in live cells with NBTE and found G-quadruplex DNA content in cancer cells is 4-fold that in normal cells, suggesting the potential applications of this probe in cancer cell detection.
G4 notes
3 G-tetrads, 1 G4 helix, 1 G4 stem, 3(-Lw-Ln-P), hybrid-2(3+1), UDUU

Base-block schematics in six views

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List of 3 G-tetrads

 1 glyco-bond=s-ss groove=wn-- planarity=0.218 type=other  nts=4 GGGG A.DG4,A.DG12,A.DG16,A.DG22
 2 glyco-bond=-s-- groove=wn-- planarity=0.208 type=other  nts=4 GGGG A.DG5,A.DG11,A.DG17,A.DG23
 3 glyco-bond=-s-- groove=wn-- planarity=0.165 type=other  nts=4 GGGG A.DG6,A.DG10,A.DG18,A.DG24

List of 1 G4-helix

In DSSR, a G4-helix is defined by stacking interactions of G-tetrads, regardless of backbone connectivity, and may contain more than one G4-stem.

Helix#1, 3 G-tetrad layers, INTRA-molecular, with 1 stem

 1  glyco-bond=s-ss groove=wn-- Major-->WC nts=4 GGGG A.DG4,A.DG12,A.DG16,A.DG22
 2  glyco-bond=-s-- groove=wn-- WC-->Major nts=4 GGGG A.DG5,A.DG11,A.DG17,A.DG23
 3  glyco-bond=-s-- groove=wn-- WC-->Major nts=4 GGGG A.DG6,A.DG10,A.DG18,A.DG24
  step#1  mm(<>,outward)  area=10.03 rise=3.79 twist=20.9
  step#2  pm(>>,forward)  area=15.98 rise=3.62 twist=24.9
  strand#1 DNA glyco-bond=s-- nts=3 GGG A.DG4,A.DG5,A.DG6
  strand#2 DNA glyco-bond=-ss nts=3 GGG A.DG12,A.DG11,A.DG10
  strand#3 DNA glyco-bond=s-- nts=3 GGG A.DG16,A.DG17,A.DG18
  strand#4 DNA glyco-bond=s-- nts=3 GGG A.DG22,A.DG23,A.DG24

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2 stacking diagrams
 1  glyco-bond=s-ss groove=wn-- Major-->WC nts=4 GGGG A.DG4,A.DG12,A.DG16,A.DG22
2 glyco-bond=-s-- groove=wn-- WC-->Major nts=4 GGGG A.DG5,A.DG11,A.DG17,A.DG23
step#1 mm(<>,outward) area=10.03 rise=3.79 twist=20.9

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 2  glyco-bond=-s-- groove=wn-- WC-->Major nts=4 GGGG A.DG5,A.DG11,A.DG17,A.DG23
3 glyco-bond=-s-- groove=wn-- WC-->Major nts=4 GGGG A.DG6,A.DG10,A.DG18,A.DG24
step#2 pm(>>,forward) area=15.98 rise=3.62 twist=24.9

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List of 1 G4-stem

In DSSR, a G4-stem is defined as a G4-helix with backbone connectivity. Bulges are also allowed along each of the four strands.

Stem#1, 3 G-tetrad layers, 3 loops, INTRA-molecular, UDUU, hybrid-(mixed), 3(-Lw-Ln-P), hybrid-2(3+1)

 1  glyco-bond=s-ss groove=wn-- Major-->WC nts=4 GGGG A.DG4,A.DG12,A.DG16,A.DG22
 2  glyco-bond=-s-- groove=wn-- WC-->Major nts=4 GGGG A.DG5,A.DG11,A.DG17,A.DG23
 3  glyco-bond=-s-- groove=wn-- WC-->Major nts=4 GGGG A.DG6,A.DG10,A.DG18,A.DG24
  step#1  mm(<>,outward)  area=10.03 rise=3.79 twist=20.9
  step#2  pm(>>,forward)  area=15.98 rise=3.62 twist=24.9
  strand#1  U DNA glyco-bond=s-- nts=3 GGG A.DG4,A.DG5,A.DG6
  strand#2  D DNA glyco-bond=-ss nts=3 GGG A.DG12,A.DG11,A.DG10
  strand#3  U DNA glyco-bond=s-- nts=3 GGG A.DG16,A.DG17,A.DG18
  strand#4  U DNA glyco-bond=s-- nts=3 GGG A.DG22,A.DG23,A.DG24
  loop#1 type=lateral   strands=[#1,#2] nts=3 TTA A.DT7,A.DT8,A.DA9
  loop#2 type=lateral   strands=[#2,#3] nts=3 TTA A.DT13,A.DT14,A.DA15
  loop#3 type=propeller strands=[#3,#4] nts=3 TTA A.DT19,A.DT20,A.DA21

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