Summary information

PDB id
7cv4
Class
DNA
Method
NMR
Summary
Quadruplex-duplex hybrid structure in the pim1 gene, form 2
Reference
Tan DJY, Winnerdy FR, Lim KW, Phan AT (2020): "Coexistence of two quadruplex-duplex hybrids in the PIM1 gene." Nucleic Acids Res., 48, 11162-11171. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkaa752.
Abstract
The triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), a subtype of breast cancer which lacks of targeted therapies, exhibits a poor prognosis. It was shown recently that the PIM1 oncogene is highly related to the proliferation of TNBC cells. A quadruplex-duplex hybrid (QDH) forming sequence was recently found to exist near the transcription start site of PIM1. This structure could be an attractive target for regulation of the PIM1 gene expression and thus the treatment of TNBC. Here, we present the solution structures of two QDHs that could coexist in the human PIM1 gene. Form 1 is a three-G-tetrad-layered (3+1) G-quadruplex containing a propeller loop, a lateral loop and a stem-loop made up of three G•C Watson-Crick base pairs. On the other hand, Form 2 is an anti-parallel G-quadruplex comprising two G-tetrads and a G•C•G•C tetrad; the structure has three lateral loops with the middle stem-loop made up of two Watson-Crick G•C base pairs. These structures provide valuable information for the design of G-quadruplex-specific ligands for PIM1 transcription regulation.
G4 notes
2 G-tetrads, 1 G4 helix, 1 G4 stem, 2(+Ln+Lw+Ln), chair(2+2), UDUD

Base-block schematics in six views

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List of 2 G-tetrads

 1 glyco-bond=s-s- groove=wnwn planarity=0.100 type=planar nts=4 GGGG A.DG2,A.DG25,A.DG18,A.DG7
 2 glyco-bond=-s-s groove=wnwn planarity=0.140 type=planar nts=4 GGGG A.DG3,A.DG24,A.DG19,A.DG6

List of 1 G4-helix

In DSSR, a G4-helix is defined by stacking interactions of G-tetrads, regardless of backbone connectivity, and may contain more than one G4-stem.

Helix#1, 2 G-tetrad layers, INTRA-molecular, with 1 stem

 1  glyco-bond=s-s- groove=wnwn Major-->WC nts=4 GGGG A.DG2,A.DG25,A.DG18,A.DG7
 2  glyco-bond=-s-s groove=wnwn WC-->Major nts=4 GGGG A.DG3,A.DG24,A.DG19,A.DG6
  step#1  mm(<>,outward)  area=12.77 rise=3.77 twist=20.4
  strand#1 DNA glyco-bond=s- nts=2 GG A.DG2,A.DG3
  strand#2 DNA glyco-bond=-s nts=2 GG A.DG25,A.DG24
  strand#3 DNA glyco-bond=s- nts=2 GG A.DG18,A.DG19
  strand#4 DNA glyco-bond=-s nts=2 GG A.DG7,A.DG6

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1 stacking diagram
 1  glyco-bond=s-s- groove=wnwn Major-->WC nts=4 GGGG A.DG2,A.DG25,A.DG18,A.DG7
2 glyco-bond=-s-s groove=wnwn WC-->Major nts=4 GGGG A.DG3,A.DG24,A.DG19,A.DG6
step#1 mm(<>,outward) area=12.77 rise=3.77 twist=20.4

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List of 1 G4-stem

In DSSR, a G4-stem is defined as a G4-helix with backbone connectivity. Bulges are also allowed along each of the four strands.

Stem#1, 2 G-tetrad layers, 3 loops, INTRA-molecular, UDUD, anti-parallel, 2(+Ln+Lw+Ln), chair(2+2)

 1  glyco-bond=s-s- groove=wnwn Major-->WC nts=4 GGGG A.DG2,A.DG25,A.DG18,A.DG7
 2  glyco-bond=-s-s groove=wnwn WC-->Major nts=4 GGGG A.DG3,A.DG24,A.DG19,A.DG6
  step#1  mm(<>,outward)  area=12.77 rise=3.77 twist=20.4
  strand#1  U DNA glyco-bond=s- nts=2 GG A.DG2,A.DG3
  strand#2  D DNA glyco-bond=-s nts=2 GG A.DG25,A.DG24
  strand#3  U DNA glyco-bond=s- nts=2 GG A.DG18,A.DG19
  strand#4  D DNA glyco-bond=-s nts=2 GG A.DG7,A.DG6
  loop#1 type=lateral   strands=[#1,#4] nts=2 AG A.DA4,A.DG5
  loop#2 type=lateral   strands=[#4,#3] nts=10 CGCGCCAGCG A.DC8,A.DG9,A.DC10,A.DG11,A.DC12,A.DC13,A.DA14,A.DG15,A.DC16,A.DG17
  loop#3 type=lateral   strands=[#3,#2] nts=4 GTCG A.DG20,A.DT21,A.DC22,A.DG23

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